The last General Elections have left the two chambers in which the legislative power resides with a picture worthy of the Marx Brothers cabin. A total of 16 parties -19 if the two regional federations of Podemos and the coalition of Compromís con Errejón in the Valencia Community are taken separately- have achieved representation in the Congress of Deputies, an unprecedented fact in the thirteen previous legislatures in democracy.
With regard to the Senate, it is more complicated to measure the impact of the existence of senators of autonomous designation. In this election there have been 10 formations that have achieved seats, one more than in the previous ones, yes, far from the record of 15 that were part of the constituent legislature (1977-1979). If we also consider the senators who have already designated the autonomies, the territorial chamber will host in this new legislature the less than 16 different parties.
One of the most fragmented parliaments in Europe
Although parliamentary fragmentation has become commonplace in Europe in recent years, in Spain it has taken an unprecedented dimension. The result that has come out of the polls has raised our country to the positions of head in plurality if we compare it with our neighbors
The 16 parties represented in Congress exceed seven in the German Bundestag, nine in the British House of Commons, 13 in the Dutch lower house and even 14 in Danish Folketing, one of the countries with the greatest tradition of parliamentary fragmentation.
Debutants and old acquaintances
Three political formations (More Country, CUP and Teruel Exists) They have broken into the lower house for the first time. Of these, only Teruel Existe has also done so in the Senate, although the Errejón party, in its More Madrid variant, has a regional designation senator for the Community of Madrid.
To the newbies they add all the old acquaintances: PSOE (120), PP (88), VOX (52), Podemos and its federations (35), ERC (13), Cs (10), JxCat (8), PNV (7), EH Bildu (5), More Country and Commitment (3), CUP (2), Canary Coalition (2), Navarra Sum (2), BNG (1), PRC (1) and Teruel Existe (1), an acronym soup of difficult fit to form Government.
Record of regional level matches
Never the Spanish lower house he had so many different regional parties in his chamber as he will have them when the next term is inaugurated.
A total of 13 lists that have obtained seats have done so on behalf of a single Autonomous Community and they will occupy 49 of the 350 seats in the lower house. Catalonia (30), Basque Country (12), Valencian Community (3), Navarra (2), Canary Islands (2), Cantabria (1), Galicia (1) and Aragón (1), are the autonomies in which these forces They have caught their vows.
In any case, we will have to wait for the publication of the definitive data in the BOE, which could still vary in some seat given that the vote of residents abroad (CERA) has not yet been counted and the resources on the counting that are raised must still be resolved.