Vitamin K is a soluble vitamin, especially recognized for its role in blood coagulation. Also, people know that it also plays an important role in bone health and prevents cardiovascular disease
Correctly said vitamin K means a group of fat-soluble vitamins. The body needs vitamin K to produce prothrombin, a coagulation factor, which is important in blood coagulation and bone metabolism, according to exquis.ro
There are three types of vitamin K:
Vitamin K1 – is naturally found in plants, green vegetables. It reaches the liver and contributes to blood clotting.
Vitamin K2 – is produced by bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract and is deposited on the walls of blood vessels, in bones and tissues.
Vitamin V3 – is a synthetic form and is not recommended for children because it can cause allergies.
Vitamin K1 is found in plants, and when humans consume it, the bacteria in the large intestine convert it into its storage form, vitamin K2. It is absorbed into the small intestine and stored in the liver.
In the absence of vitamin K, the body does not produce prothrombin, a coagulation factor that is necessary for the body to coagulate blood and bone metabolism.
Typically, vitamin K deficiency can affect newborns and those with a malabsorption problem, due, for example, to short bowel syndrome, cystic fibrosis, celiac disease or ulcerative colitis.
Here are the benefits of Vitamin K:
Ensures bone health
There appears to be a relationship between low vitamin K intake and osteoporosis. Lots of studies show that vitamin K supports maintaining strong bones, improves bone density and reduces the risk of fractures.
Increased blood levels of vitamin K have been linked to improved episodic memory in older adults.
Vitamin K can help maintain lower blood pressure by preventing mineralization, where minerals accumulate in the arteries. This allows the heart to pump free blood through the body.
Vitamin K2 regulates blood sugar levels
The second vitamin K-dependent protein, osteocalcin, can help the body use insulin. Activated proteins can increase insulin sensitivity, the main problem in type II diabetes. Furthermore, vitamin K2 supplements improve insulin sensitivity and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Vitamin K2 can prevent kidney stones
People with chronic kidney failure and those receiving dialysis are at risk for vitamin K deficiency. Studies show that one of the risk factors for kidney stones is excess vitamin D, but the real problem is that vitamin D creates a need for vitamin K2 .
It can prevent prostate cancer
There are studies that claim that vitamin K2 can reduce the risk of prostate cancer by about 70%.
Adults can take between 45 mcg and 185 mcg per day. High doses of people taking anticoagulants will be avoided. Healthy people can preventively take 80 mcg of Vitamin K daily.
Foods rich in vitamin K are: dairy products, lamb, cabbage, spinach, broccoli, eggs, lamb, turkey, chicken liver.