Opposition Senator Jeanine Áñez It is from this Tuesday the interim president of Bolivia, two days after the resignation of Evo Morales, who denounced from exile a "self-proclamation" coup.
Jeanine Áñez comes to power provisionally in a troubled country, with the military on the streets and at least eight dead and about 500 injured since the failed elections of October 20, in one of the worst crises in the recent history of Bolivia.
Áñez arrived in La Paz from the Amazon region of Beni as the only power vacuum outlet left by Morales's resignation on Sunday, which plunged the country into chaos to the point that the army had to go outside in support of an overflowing police.
It was not even clear that the Bolivian Parliament could meet, especially given the two-thirds majority of the Movement to Socialism (MAS) by Evo Morales.
On the fast track and without the majority of Morales's party
However, this 52-year-old lawyer activated the inheritance mechanism that broke the ruling party, since with Morales they had renounced all those who could constitutionally happen to him.
If she was the second vice president of the Senate, she went on to preside over the chamber and thus access the succession route.
The Constitution Evo Morales promulgated in 2009 states that the president of the Senate is the second in the line of succession, after the country's vice president.
The parliamentarian, who has been in politics since 2010, belongs to the Democratic Union, a party with only nine of the 36 senators, but in a few minutes she appeared at the Assembly, which brings together the Senate and Congress, and without hardly any capacity for reaction, it was done interimly with the head of state.
The official majority of the MAS was absent, but as soon as he returns to Parliament, he will have a minority president in front.
Bolivia I had a president again for the first time in almost forty years (after Lidia Gueiler between 1979 and 1980), quickly endorsed by the country's Constitutional Court against the voices of the ruling party denouncing an illegitimate self-proclamation, the first one by Evo Morales from his exile in Mexico.
"Assault to power"
The Constitutional issued a statement explaining that although Áñez did not have the necessary quorum in Parliament, he is backed by an interpretation of the constitutional text for cases of power vacuum.
The new provisional head of state went out to the balcony of the Burned Palace for her photo for history, as on three previous occasions Morales had done since her first victory in 2006.
From another balcony, that of Twitter, who was the president with the longest time in power in the history of Bolivia claimed from Mexico that his country "suffers an assault on power."
"The most artful and disastrous blow in history has been consummated. A coupist right-wing senator calls herself president of the senate and then interim president of Bolivia without a legislative quorum, surrounded by a group of accomplices and led by the armed forces and the armed forces that repress the people, "Morales wrote.
The most artful and disastrous blow in history has been consummated. A coupist right-wing senator calls herself president of the senate and then interim president of Bolivia without a legislative quorum, surrounded by a group of accomplices and led by the armed forces and the police that repress the people
– Evo Morales Ayma (@evoespueblo) November 12, 2019
The former president denounced "before the international community" that the "self-proclamation of a senator as president" violates the Bolivian Constitution and the internal norms of the Legislative Assembly, and added that the proclamation "is consummated" on the blood of brothers killed by police and military forces used for the coup. "
Morales had to leave power after fourteen years of mandate between allegations of the opposition that He did not respect his own Constitution.
The text limits the consecutive terms to two, but went through the fourth, until they were demonstrated serious irregularities in the recent elections of which he had won, which led to his resignation among a wave of protests in the country.
While some cheered on Áñez under the balcony in the central Murillo square, with the background image of the presidential tower built by Evo Morales as a symbol of his stage in front of Bolivia, nearby it was heard as Police dispersed the unconditional of the indigenous leader with gases.
Many had reached the race in downtown La Paz flying the whipala, the multicolored flag of the natives, to the cry of "Now, civil war."
The violence added in the last hours new dead in these 23 days of clashes between those who will always defend Morales and those who wanted to prevent him from being perpetuated in power by turning Bolivia into a kind of Venezuela.
The uncertainty is now that the ruling majority does not accept his resignation and Bolivia has a president in exile and a provisional president in La Paz.
In La Paz the tension is still felt, with almost deserted streets, with hardly any transport, with the commerce closed, its armored windows, while in the eastern Santa Cruz a party broke out after knowing that Áñez assumed the interim Presidency.
Are at least eight dead and 476 injured, some of bullet, in a crisis that apparently has not yet come to an end.