The president of Romania, the conservative Klaus Iohannis, won the first round of the presidential elections this Sunday and will be measured in the second round of the Social Democratic candidate, Viorica Dancila which, according to the polls on foot of urn, was in second position.
The three polls published at the close of the polling stations placed Iohannis in the lead, with between 38.7% and 42% of the votes.
It is followed by the former Minister Viorica Dancila, who would have obtained between 18% and 22.5% of suffrages.
When no candidate obtains more than 50% of the votes, and if the official count confirms the polls, the two most voted candidates will contest the presidency in the Second round, to be held October 24th.
In third position the surveys place the candidate of the USR PLUS alliance, Dan Barna, which the three published ballot polls grant about 16% of the vote.
Speaking to the media from the headquarters of the National Liberal Party (NLP), Iohannis congratulated himself on the result
"The Romanians had never voted so much and so clear against the Social Democratic Party (PSD), "said the favorite in these elections two laps.
Iohannis also asked for the vote for the second round of those who have demonstrated in recent years against the controversial judicial reforms of the governments of the PSD.
Motion of censure
From the headquarters of the PSD, the former Minister Dancila took the floor, whose Government fell on October 10 in a motion of censure after being criticized by soften the laws against corruption and try to carry out a controversial justice reform that earned him harsh recriminations of the European Commission (EC).
The PSD candidate congratulated herself for having entered the second round and was confident in her options to beat Iohannis.
"I hope that many Romanians will join us," Dancila said, referring to "who today gave their vote to other candidates."
For his part, the USR PLUS candidate, Dan Barna, recalled that "the ballot box polls are not the official results," and said he hopes to get more votes from those predicted.
In the absence of accounting for the diaspora, the participation was 47.66%, five and a half points less than in the 2014 presidential ones.
Although the president has eminently symbolic attributions in Romania, the election of the head of state will influence the race towards legislative elections which will be held, at the latest, in December of next year.
The country is governed by a NLP minority government since last Monday, when the prime minister appointed by Iohannis to replace Dancila, Ludovic Orban, obtained the necessary support in Parliament to take office.
Iohannis and the NLP now in the Government have committed themselves during the presidential campaign to end nepotism, corruption and attacks on judicial independence and budgetary stability of those who accuse the PSD.
Meanwhile, Dancila asks for the vote vindicating the salary and pension increases of his Government and the economic growth that Romania has experienced during his tenure.
In the second round, Iohannis will try to attract the vote of the reformers of USR PLUS, that are part together with Citizens and En Marche! from French President Emmanuel Macron of the Renew Europe group, and they have had a very critical speech with the PSD since their breakthrough in Romanian politics four years ago.
Dancila's options are to convince the voters of the actor and independent candidate Mircea Diaconu, which has been fourth with about 8 percent of the vote and was supported by two minority parties close to the PSD.