The MEDIAFAX Agency presents a brief guide to the voter in the country, which includes the rules of the polling stations, the voting procedure, as well as the special situations that may appear in the polling station.
A number of 298,355 voters voted abroad in the presidential elections until Sunday morning, at 06.00, of which 273,170 on additional lists, and 25,189 are voters on the correspondence list, according to data provided by the Central Electoral Bureau.
In Romania, the voting procedure in the case of the presidential elections is established by Law 370/2004, which regulates the way of organizing and conducting the elections for the President of Romania, republished in 2011.
Who can vote?
The citizens of Romania who are 18 years old up to the day of the elections are entitled to vote.
The weak or mentally ill, put under interdiction, nor the persons condemned to the loss of electoral rights, by a final court decision, have no right to vote.
The necessary documents for voting
The voter can present at the polling station the identity card, the electronic identity card, the provisional identity card, the identity card, the diplomatic passport, the electronic diplomatic passport, the service passport, the electronic service passport, the simple passport, the simple electronic passport, the simple electronic passport temporarily, the travel title and the military service book.
On the day of the vote, the voters present their identity documents to the computer operators, who take and enter the personal data of the voters in the computer system for monitoring the presence of the vote and preventing the illegal vote (SIMPV), according to the decision of the Permanent Electoral Authority.
The voter receives a ballot in which all the 14 candidates for the presidential elections are listed, on two pages, as well as the party they represent, where appropriate. Candidates are listed in the order determined by lottery. The ballot paper must have, on each page, the circular stamp of the Central Electoral Bureau.
The order of the candidates on the ballot papers:
1. Klaus Iohannis (National Liberal Party)
2.Theodor Paleologu (People's Movement Party)
3.Dan Barna (USR-PLUS Alliance)
4.Kelemen Hunor (Democratic Union of Magyars in Romania)
5.Viorica Dăncilă (Social Democratic Party)
6. Catalin-Sorin Ivan (Alternative for National Dignity)
7.Ninel Peia (Romanian People's Party)
8.Sebastian-Constantin Popescu (New Romania Party)
9.John Ion Banu (Romanian National Party)
10.Mircea Diaconu (Alliance of one man formed from Pro Romania- ALDE)
11. Bogdan Dragoş Aureliu Marian Stanoievici – independent candidate
12. Ramona-Ioana Bruynseels (Human Power-Social Liberal Party)
13.Viorel Cataramă (Liberal Right)
14.Alexandru Cumpănaşu – independent candidate
Voters vote separately in closed booths, applying the stamp with the mention "VOTED" inside the quadrilateral which includes the name of the candidate they choose.
After voting, the voter has the obligation to insert the ballot in the ballot box.
The stamp entrusted for voting shall be returned to the president or to those members of the electoral bureau of the polling station designated by him.
Regarding the Computer System for Monitoring the Presence of Votes and for the Prevention of Illegal Voting (SIMPV), the role of this is to signal the following situations:
-the person who went to the vote did not reach the age of 18 until the day of the vote including
-the person who came to the vote was forbidden to exercise the right to vote
– the voter who appeared to vote is rounded to the respective polling station
– the voter who appeared to vote is rounded up at another polling station
– the voter who appeared to vote is omitted from the permanent electoral list
– the voter who appeared to vote appears to have exercised his right to vote at the same ballot
– the voter who appeared to vote appears to have voted by correspondence, the vote by correspondence sent by him being received by the competent electoral bureau
Special voting situations
The voter who, for good reasons, found by the president of the polling station's electoral bureau, cannot vote alone has the right to call an attendant chosen by him to help him in the polling booth. It cannot be from accredited persons, members of the polling station's electoral office or candidates.
Requesting the special ballot box
For non-transferable voters for reasons of illness or invalidity, from the country, the president of the electoral bureau of the polling station may approve, at their written request, filed at the latest on the voting date, accompanied by copies of medical or other official documents from which to show that the respective persons are not transportable, that a team made up of at least 2 members of the electoral bureau should move with a special ballot box and with the necessary voting material – stamp with the mention "VOTE", ballot papers and stickers stamps needed to move vote.
They can request the special ballot box and the people who are on the day of voting in the country and who because of the specific activity they carry out cannot attend the polling station.
They can request the special ballot box and the detained persons, detained on the basis of a preventive arrest warrant or those who execute a sentence deprived of liberty, but who have not lost their electoral rights. In this situation, the procedure for exercising the right to vote is established by decision of the Central Electoral Bureau.
If in a penitentiary it is requested to exercise the right to vote through the special ballot box of more than 400 persons in detention, the voting requests through the special ballot box may be submitted, at the latest in the voting ballot, to more polling stations in the locality where the penitentiary is located, established by decision of the county electoral bureau or the electoral bureau of the Bucharest municipality sector, as the case may be.
Voting requests through the special ballot formulated by the persons entitled to vote admitted to hospitals can be submitted, at the latest on the day of the vote, to several polling stations in the locality where the hospital is located, established by decision of the county electoral bureau or of the electoral bureau of the Bucharest municipality sector, as the case may be.
The first round of presidential elections in the country will take place on November 10, and the second round on November 24.
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