Former President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, told in an interview to the German magazine Der Spiegel, who, in his opinion, led to the disintegration of the USSR.
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"For the end of the perestroika and the dismantling of the Soviet Union, those who organized the coup in August 1991 are responsible, and later those who took advantage of the weakening of the position of the president of the USSR," he said.
At the same time, Gorbachev said he was aware of the risks of perestroika, but all the country's management understood that the changes were necessary.
“It was no longer possible to live as before. A significant part of the perestroika consisted of a new vision of foreign policy, which encompasses both universal values and nuclear disarmament, as well as the freedom to choose, ”he explained.
The former USSR president stressed that he did not regret the perestroika, but acknowledged that errors were admitted in the reform process. He also expressed the view that Russia will never return to a totalitarian system.