Since the launch of L'Observatori dels Drets Sexuals i Reproductius de Catalunya, in October 2018, the entity has received One hundred complaints of violations of sexual and reproductive rights. The Drets Sexuals i Reproductius Association presented the first L'Observatori report on Tuesday in Barcelona coinciding with the commemoration on December 10 of the International Human Rights Day.
These complaints correspond to violations of key rights such as abortion. In all of them it is identified as common link "institutional violence" which is exercised in relation to this issue.
The report collects different testimonies regarding the difficulty of accessing emergency contraceptives, as in the case of a 16-year-old girl who was denied the morning-after pill at a pharmacy because she had asked for another three months before.
On the other hand, the letter also calls on parliamentary groups to discuss sexual education based on the case of a minor girl who was forced to perform an abortion clandestinely because of the lack of consent of her parents.
A woman from Manresa was sent to Barcelona to abort because there were no healthcare professionals willing to do so in the nearest hospitals (they were conscientious objectors).
Difficulties in accessing assisted reproduction for LGTBI women
In addition, it reports and analyzes difficulties in accessing RHA (Assisted Human Reproduction) in LGBTI women. As the a lesbian couple that has been in the process of public health for two years and that they have verified that the protocol that marks the Department of Salut is not being applied.
The association also made a criticism of the public financing that some entities that oppose reproductive rights receive from Tarragona. "We are talking about a public service that tries to prevent women from aborting by an exclusively religious criterion," said Observatori coordinator Sílvia Aldavert.
Members of the Subdirecció General de Drogodependències have explained how women who suffer from some type of disorder derived from the consumption of toxic substances experience a lack of access to long-term contraceptives and the violation of their right of confidentiality to Associate their dependence with the inability to practice as mothers.
The report also includes a survey that 300 people answered last January that shows that 71% of women asked have felt "undervalued" during pregnancy or childbirth, and that 38% have felt judged when ordering the contraceptive pill.
Sexual rights, in positive
Aldavert considers that "sexual and reproductive rights are essential to achieve a decent life" and has concluded that "societies cannot be fair without their recognition, guarantee and full exercise".
"There are no mechanisms of denunciation or transparency in the case of sexual rights," said on Tuesday the coordinator of the Association of Sexuals and Reproductive Drets, Sílvia Aldavert. "Many times sexual rights are understood as a negative freedom, never as a positive right," Aldavert has remarked. Therefore, the entities associated with L'Observatori have demanded "more training, more vocation for public service and a paradigm shift" in legislative frameworks.