One in four children follow without being registered at birth, Although the number of children whose birth is officially documented has increased significantly worldwide, as reported by the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).
Specific, 166 million children under five they are still not registered in any registry, but the proportion of children registered worldwide has gone from 63% ten years ago to 75% today, according to the UNICEF report Birth registration for each child in 2030: are we on the right track?
"We have come a long way, but too many children continue to fall through the system gaps. They are not counted and do not count ", Lamented UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore.
In this regard, Fore explained that an unregistered child at birth it is "invisible" since "it does not exist in the eyes of the government or the law" so he has ensured that children are often excluded from education, health care and other fundamental services, and they are "more vulnerable to exploitation and abuse".
From the organization they stress that global progress is due in large part to the Advances in South Asia, especially in Bangladesh, India and Nepal. In India, the proportion of registered children increased from 41% between 2005 and 2006 to 80 percent between 2015 and 2016.
In recent years, UNICEF has worked with the Government of India to prioritize birth registration in all states, by increasing and improving access to registration centers, training officers and community workers, and disseminating public awareness programs, especially among the most vulnerable communities.
Sub-Saharan Africa, the region with the least records
On the contrary, UNICEF has indicated that most countries in sub-Saharan Africa are lagging behind the rest of the world as Ethiopia (3%), Zambia (11 and Chad (12%) have the lowest levels of birth registration globally.
The report shows that about one in three countries – which comprise about one third of the total population of children under the age of five – they will need to "urgently" accelerate their progress if they want to meet the objective of providing legal identity for all, including registration at birth, by 2030, as established by the Sustainable Development Goals.
Barriers to baby enrollment include lack of knowledgeor on how to register a birth, excessive rates to register it or to obtain a birth certificate, economic surcharges for late registration or long distance to the nearest registry facility. Also, the traditional customs and practices in some communities that prevent the official registration of a birth within the established deadlines.
Even if a child is registered, possession of a birth certificate It is less common, so 237 million children under the age of five, just over one in three, lack an official registration test, have moved from the organization.
At this point, UNICEF calls for five measures to protect all children, such as providing each child with a birth certificate or authorize all parents, regardless of gender, to register their child at birth.
It also asks to link the registry at birth to other systems to facilitate the right of each child to health, social, educational and protection services; as well as invest in safe and innovative technological solutions to facilitate birth registration and involve communities to be the ones who demand a birth registration for each child.
"Every child has right to a name, a nationality and a legal identity, so any improvement to increase registration levels is good news, "Fore said, adding that just when the 30th anniversary of these rights has been celebrated, it should not be stopped until" each child is counted. "