According to 2015 data, in Spain more than 8% of households have at least one cat, which means that there is About 2.3 million of these animals in our country.
Although cats adapt very well to home life, we must remember that these animals are very territorial and that, despite being domesticated, they keep their sexual and reproductive instincts intact, which can lead to serious problems of living together. Also, if they have a chance, they reproduce very easily and usually have many young. There is more to see how stray cats proliferate.
To avoid these inconveniences, the best option, recommended by most veterinarians, such as College of Veterinarians of Madrid, is to sterilize them. In addition to avoiding unwanted litters and behavioral problems, we will save you many health problems. These are the main reasons to sterilize your cat:
1.- Fight overpopulation. Pet abandonment is a serious problem in Spain, and unwanted litters are the main reason for these abandonments. According to the latest data from the Affinity Foundation, total, 138,000 animals are abandoned in Spain, almost 34 thousand of them, cats. Taking into account that a cat can go into heat 2 or 3 times a year, and that each litter can have an average of four cats, sterilizing them we avoid an average of 12 kittens per female per year. In the case of cats, we will avoid escaping and leaving pregnant cats pregnant and thus increasing the number of cats in street colonies.
2.- Avoid behavioral problems. The zeal causes in the cats certain behaviors that can cause problems of coexistence and much discomfort in the animals if they do not get to mate. Both females and males will try to escape, which can lead to loss. Sterilization will avoid this tendency to escape, they are less territorial and aggressive and, especially in females, stress reduces the anxiety that causes them not to mate and that sometimes leads them to stop eating or vomiting. In males, it almost completely eliminates the tendency to urinate around the house to attract the attention of females.
3.- Reduce several health problems. Sterilizing cats can avoid serious health problems and, therefore, contributes to a longer and fuller life. Problems like:
•Cancer. Sterilization dramatically reduces and sometimes even prevents certain types of cancer. The risk of prostate cancer in cats is reduced by up to 70-80%, avoid testicular, and, in the case of cats, the risk of breast cancer and neck cancer is reduced by up to 95%. uterus.
• Other diseases related to the reproductive system, such as pyometra, polycystic ovaries, psychological pregnancies and metritis in cats; and prostatitis, adenomas and perianal hernias, in males.
• Urinary problems. Both females and males reduce the possibility of cystitis.
Although it compensates, sterilizing them can also lead to some health problem, such as tendency to obesity or the risk of kidney stones, but they are easily preventable with proper diet.
What is sterilization?
Sterilization is the very simple surgical procedure carried out by a veterinarian who eliminates the ability of animals to reproduce and is usually performed without complications. It is different if it is done in females than in males.
•In females It can be done in two ways: with one ovariectomy (removal of the ovaries) or ovariohysterectomy (In addition to the ovaries, tubes and cervix are removed).
•In males It is simpler and less invasive, because it consists of removal of the testicles through a small incision in the scrotum.
After the operation, a series of recommendations will have to be taken so that the postoperative period is as short as possible and no complications arise, especially in the case of females, since their operation is more invasive and they will be convalescent for at least three days, they can even Stay in the clinic. Males can resume normal activity a day later and go home immediately.
When to do it
The general recommendation is to sterilize them at around six and eight months of age, before sexual maturity is reached, which occurs between six months and one year in females and slightly later in males.
However, some recommend never done before four months because they are more vulnerable and may suffer from hypothermia problems during the operation. It is best to consult your veterinarian, to guide us on when is the right time to do so.