77% of Spaniards already make a meal away from home every day, mainly the breakfast that nine out of ten take it in a restaurant or bar, according to a study, which reveals what to do this first meal of the day outside increases the risk of obesity by 17.8%.
They are data from the latest survey on lifestyles conducted by the Spanish Obesity Society (Seedo-SEO), made public on Tuesday, which highlights the change in habits that has taken place in our country in recent decades among which eating out is imposed.
The study highlights that people with obesity are the ones who have the most breakfast and the ones who have the least dinner outside; those that take less vegetables or salad as main course (65% never ask for it or almost never) and as an accompaniment (35%) and those who usually opt for a sweet dessert instead of fruit (40% versus 22% of those who have a normal weight).
In addition to having breakfast outside there are other variables that are related to obesity: not taking vegetables or salad as a main course increases the risk by 43% and having sweet dessert increases it by 20%.
It is surprising from this last fact that almost 20% of respondents (40% in the case of obese people) indicate that they do not drink fruit as a dessert because it is not on the menu, "said Dr. Tinahones.
"The restaurateurs tell you how we are going to put an apple or an orange on the menu if people go to the restaurant to treat themselves, but it is not like that," because "eating out is no longer something exceptional", stressed this expert, who has considered that the catering sector is jointly responsible in the fight against obesity.
Offer free bottles of water and report the total calories of each dish and offer half portions These are some of the actions that restaurants can take, according to the decalogue of healthy gastronomy of that scientific society.
Obesity is a disease that has doubled in virtually every country in the last 20 years: in Spain it has gone from 10 to more than 20%, which, according to Dr. Tihahones, is "the big problem that public health services will face in the coming years." The social environment also influences. In fact, having a family member with obesity increases the risk of being obese by 13% and 12% in the case of a friend.
These data validate in the Spanish population what a study noted 20 years ago, that "obesity was an epidemic." It is "a disease that is spread in the sense that eating and exercise habits are favored", explained Dr. Susana Monereo, secretary of the Seedo.
The study also highlights that 54.6% of people who are obese do not recognize it and do not perceive it as a disease. "I'm not obese, I'm fat," is one of the most common phrases among these people, said Dr. Monereo.
Almost 70% of those who are overweight consider their weight to be normal and even believe they are thin, which makes the intervention more difficult. This is evidenced by the fact that more than 2% of the Spanish population has morbid obesity, which did not happen before. And it is that if measures are not put on, you can gain between 2 and 4 kilos a year. Conversely, With a hypocaloric diet and healthy exercise you can lose 4 to 5 kilos per month.